The Guardian (London) (11.29.11) - Thursday, December 01,
The declining trend for new HIV infections in Britain seems to
have leveled off, with domestic transmissions rising even as
infections acquired abroad have fallen, the Health Protection
Agency reported Tuesday. At the end of 2010, an estimated
91,500 people in the United Kingdom had HIV, HPA said, up from
86,500 in 2009. The total for this year is forecast to top
100,000. Included in the 2010 figure are the estimated one-
quarter of Britons with HIV who have not been diagnosed and do
not realize they are infected.
Of new diagnoses in 2010, 3,000 were among men who have sex
with men, a record high. Most MSM cases were white (83
percent); 67 percent were UK-born; and 81 percent acquired HIV
domestically. A third were under age 35. It is estimated that
one in 20 MSM in the United Kingdom have HIV, rising to one in
12 in London.
Of the estimated 91,500 people with HIV, just over 40,000 are
MSM; about 2,300 are injection drug users. Some 47,000 people
acquired HIV through heterosexual sex, including 19,300
African-born women and 9,900 African-born men.
Half of new diagnoses in 2010 were made after treatment should
ideally have begun, HPA said. In 2010, 680 people with HIV
died: Two-thirds were diagnosed late; most died within a year
of testing; and most, 510, were men.
The Department of Health said an estimated 40 percent of the
1.9 billion GBP (US $2.98 billion) England spent on infectious
diseases in 2009-10 went to HIV/AIDS, excluding the costs of
psychosocial care and HIV testing, HPA said. Just 2.9 million
GBP (US $ 4.5 million), or 1 percent of the HIV budget that
year, was spent on prevention.
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