Houston Chronicle (12.28.11) - Friday, January 06, 2012
The 2010 annual HIV report from the Texas Department of State
Health Services shows fewer Texans are dying of AIDS, but more
young adults ages 15-24 are becoming infected.
Since 2004, the state has seen the number of residents living
with HIV increase by 36 percent, from 47,986 to 65,077. Around
one-third of HIV-positive Texans live in the greater Houston
area. Among counties, Harris led in new HIV infections, AIDS
cases, and people living with HIV; its HIV case rate was
second only to Dallas.
The report indicates African-Americans and gay and bisexual
men continue to be disproportionately impacted by the disease.
Of the 4,242 HIV diagnoses last year, 42 percent were black,
31 percent Hispanic and 25 percent Anglos. More than one-half
of HIV-positive Texans were infected through male-to-male sex.
Furthermore, one-third of residents are diagnosed late,
receiving an HIV-positive and AIDS diagnosis within the same
year. This was the case for 42 percent of Hispanic patients,
compared with 32 percent of Anglos and 31 percent of blacks.
Roughly one-third of Texans diagnosed with the virus do not
receive HIV-related health care, with the need greatest among
black and Hispanic men, 25- to 44-year-olds, and people
diagnosed in the Houston area or along the US-Mexico border.
"More attention should be directed towards preventing HIV
infections among the youngest age cohorts, especially among
racial and ethnic minorities," the report concludes.