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Agence France-Presse
Inequality in wealthy states rises, diseases decline: WHO

January 16, 2012

GENEVA, Jan 16, 2012 (AFP) - Social inequality in wealthy nations is
increasing while in parts of the developing world many diseases are on the
wane, Margaret Chan, head of the World Health Organization said Monday.

"In some wealthy countries, the difference in the quality of life between
the older generation and todays youth is the greatest ever recorded," said the
WHO director general, speaking at the opening of the body's board meeting.

"Last year was a time when many countries realised they were losing their
middle classes, the very foundation of democracy and economic productivity,"
she said, urging that a commitment to public health must be sustained.

In a text version of her speech Chan cited a recent Organization for
Economic Cooperation and Development report showing income inequality in
wealthy nations has reached the worst levels in nearly 25 years.

"That report further concluded that societies with the least inequality had
the best health outcomes, regardless of the levels of spending on health,"
Chan said, noting, "money alone does not buy better health."

She stated: "Those who suffer or who benefit least deserve help from those
who benefit most," but this is not what happened last year, particularly in
well-off nations, according to numerous reports.

In large parts of the developing world vast inequalities in access to
health care also exist, she explained.

"But misery, for many groups, for many diseases, is actually going down.
Those who benefit least are getting help from those who benefit most," said
Chan.

She noted that in the first decade of the 21st century, HIV/AIDS and
tuberculosis epidemics peaked, beginning a slow decline along with a turn
around in a deteriorating malaria situation.

"Young child mortality dropped below 10 million for the first time in
nearly six decades. Compared with 12 million under-five deaths in 1990, the
figure for 2010 was 7.6 million, a drop of more than 40 percent."

Chan said that in sub-Saharan Africa the fall in the under-five mortality
rate was accelerating at double the rate it had shown between 1990 and 2000.

Maternal deaths worldwide, "the starkest statistic in public health," have
also begun to fall, she said.

In addition, "In 2009 alone, an estimated 800 million people received
preventive chemotherapy for at least one of the neglected tropical diseases."




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