Women's Health Issues Vol. 22; No. 1: P. e1-e7 (01.02.12) -
"At the time of incarceration, women have a high prevalence of
sexually transmitted infections (STI)," wrote the authors, who
noted that women remain at high risk for new infections in the
months following community release. In the current report, the
team assessed the rates and predictors of incident chlamydia,
gonorrhea, and trichomoniasis after incarceration in a sample
of hazardously drinking women.
The study involved a total of 245 incarcerated women; the
participants self-reported behavioral data. At baseline and
three- and six-month time points, vaginal swabs were collected
and tested for chlamydia, gonorrhea, and trichomoniasis.
Treatment was provided in response to all positive tests.
The participants comprised 175 Caucasians (71.4 percent), 47
African Americans (19.2 percent), 17 Hispanics (6.9 percent)
and six women of other ethnic origins (2.4 percent). The
researchers estimated the STI incidence rate to be 30.5 new
infections per 100 person-years (95 percent confidence
interval, 21.3-43.5). "Number of male sex partners reported
during follow-up was a significant (z=2.16; p=.03) predictor
of STI; each additional male sex partner increased the
estimated hazard of STI by 1.26," according to the results.
"Incarcerated women who are hazardous drinkers are at high
risk for STI in the months after their return to the
community. In addition to testing and treatment during
incarceration, post-release rescreening, education, partner
treatment, and follow-up are recommended," the authors