Aids Weekly Plus
National Surveillance System data analyzed by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC) Division of Tuberculosis Prevention indicated that 75 percent of the 2,660 children diagnosed with TB in the United States from 2008 to 2012 were either born outside the United States or had travelled outside the US borders. More than half of these cases were adolescents or older. The report also included data from 2009 on parents or guardians who had international ties. Many of the children with TB—66 percent—had parents who were born outside of the United States. CDC’s report emphasized the effects of the global epidemic of TB on children and adolescents within the United States.
The report emphasized the cost-effectiveness and prevention benefits of TB screening. CDC researchers, Carla A. Winston, PHD, MA, and Heather J. Menzies, MD, MPH, recommended that health care providers assess children’s risk for TB during routine care visits. In addition, as children enter a low-prevalence area, they should be screened for latent TB infection to prevent acute TB infections, advised Andrea T. Cruz, MD, of the TB Initiative of Texas Children’s Hospital in Houston.
The study,“Pediatric and Adolescent Tuberculosis in the United States, 2008–2010,” was published in the journal Pediatrics (2012;130(6):e1425-1432).