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CDC HIV/AIDS/Viral Hepatitis/STD/TB Prevention News Update
INDONESIA: Resource Boom Fuels HIV/AIDS Surge
Tunggadewa Mattangkitang
February 20, 2013
Jakarta Globe (02.20.13)

The East Kalimantan AIDS Commission (KPAD) reports that 2012 HIV/AIDS prevalence is 20 times higher in the province now than in 2003. KPAD’s secretary Junanto attributes the rapid rise in HIV/AIDS incidence to increased prostitution resulting from affluence created by mining, plantations, and oil and gas industry success. The province, which had 170 HIV-infected residents in 2003, reported 3,471 HIV/AIDS cases in 2012. The ratio of AIDS to HIV cases in 2012 was 776 to 2,695; 404 AIDS patients died in 2012. Almost half of HIV-infected people in the province are housewives, and another 37 percent are workers. Groups with lower HIV rates include farmers and laborers (7.3 percent), civil servants (6.2 percent), university students (3.1 percent), and high school students (2.1 percent). Almost three quarters of HIV-infected people (73 percent) in the province are between the ages of 29 and 49, and 20 percent of HIV-infected people are between the ages of 20 and 24, according to 2012 East Kalimantan Voluntary Counseling and Testing (VCT) data. VCT reports that 3 percent of HIV-infected people are aged 50 years and over. Children under four and teens ages 15 to 19 comprise 1 percent of HIV/AIDS cases. VCT, which is available in 10 hospitals and 17 community health centers in East Kalimantan, is the sole facilitator in the AIDS control program. Junanto urged other public agencies—schools, youth and sports agency, and the National Family Planning Coordinating Board—to participate in a coordinated HIV awareness and prevention campaign. Eli Hasan, program manager for Lara’s Foundation, recommended that the government use “social institutions” to reach housewives since they have the highest risk of HIV. Junanto estimated the province has 20,000 prostitutes in 80 red light districts.