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AIDS Weekly Plus
Investigators at National Autonomous University Detail Findings in AIDS Education and Prevention
Staff Writer
May 20, 2013

2013 MAY 20 (NewsRx) -- By a News Reporter-Staff News Editor at AIDS Weekly -- A new study on AIDS Education and Prevention is now available. According to news reporting originating from Leon, Nicaragua, by NewsRx correspondents, research stated, "Psychometric properties of external HIV-related stigma and discrimination scales and their predictors were investigated. A cross-sectional community-based study was carried out among 520 participants using an ongoing health and demographic surveillance system in Leon, Nicaragua."

Our news editors obtained a quote from the research from National Autonomous University, "Participants completed an 18-item HIV stigma scale and 19 HIV and AIDS discrimination-related statements. A factor analysis found that 15 of the 18 items in the stigma scale and 18 of the 19 items in the discrimination scale loaded clearly into five- and four-factor structures, respectively. Overall Cronbach's alpha of .81 for the HIV stigma scale and .91 for the HIV discrimination scale provided evidence of internal consistency. Hierarchical multiple linear regression analysis identified that females, rural residents, people with insufficient HIV-related transmission knowledge, those not tested for HIV, those reporting an elevated self-perception of HIV risk, and those unwilling to disclose their HIV status were associated with higher stigmatizing attitudes and higher discriminatory actions towards HIV-positive people. This is the first community-based study in Nicaragua that demonstrates that overall HIV stigma and discrimination scales were reliable and valid in a community-based sample comprised of men and women of reproductive age. Stigma and discrimination were reported high in the general population, especially among sub-groups."

According to the news editors, the research concluded: "The findings in the current study suggest community-based strategies, including the monitoring of stigma and discrimination, and designing and implementing stigma reduction interventions, are greatly needed to reduce inequities and increase acceptance of persons with HIV."

For more information on this research see: Measuring Hiv- And Aids-related Stigma And Discrimination In Nicaragua: Results From A Community-based Study. Aids Education and Prevention, 2013;25(2):164-178. Aids Education and Prevention can be contacted at: Guilford Publications Inc, 72 Spring Street, New York, NY 10012, USA (see also AIDS Education and Prevention).

The news editors report that additional information may be obtained by contacting W.J. Ugarte, Nicaraguan Natl Autonomous Univ, Dept. of Obstet & Genecol, Leon, Nicaragua.

Keywords for this news article include: Leon, HIV/AIDS, Nicaragua, RNA Viruses, Retroviridae, HIV Infections, Vertebrate Viruses, Risk and Prevention, Primate Lentiviruses, North and Central America, AIDS Education and Prevention, Viral Sexually Transmitted Diseases

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