African leaders attending the 2013 Special Summit of the African Union on HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria in Abuja, Nigeria, reaffirmed a 2001 declaration that called for additional donor support and a 15-percent increase in government spending to eliminate the three diseases in African Union (AU) countries. The World Health Organization reported that only one AU country had achieved the 2011 target funding goal originally set in 2001.
Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan, AU Chairperson Dr. Hailemariam Dessalegn, and AU Commission Chairperson Nkosazana Zuma promised that AU nations would mobilize domestic resources to strengthen member countries’ health systems. The 2013 reaffirmation specified that AU countries would develop strategic health investment plans that were “diversified, balanced, and sustainable.” Participants stipulated that the plans would include private sector funding and innovative financing tactics.
The 2013 plan’s key target populations includes youth, young girls, and women. Strategies prioritized in the 2013 plan included poverty elimination; evidence-based, integrated HIV/AIDS, TB, and malaria programming; and policy changes to strengthen the rights of vulnerable populations. The 2013 plan places special emphasis on eliminating mother-to-child HIV transmission, keeping mothers alive, and addressing the disproportionate impact of HIV, TB, and malaria on children, girls, and women.
The 2013 Summit participants set a goal of zero new HIV infections by 2030 and committed to developing national, regional, and continental monitoring and evaluation systems to establish accountability and track progress.