Country Flag of Australia Map of Australia, Courtesy of

Local time in Canberra:

Facts and Figures

arrow Official Name Commonwealth of Australia

arrow Capital City Canberra

arrow Languages English, native languages.

arrow Official Currency Australian dollar (AUD).

arrow Ethnic Groups Caucasian 92%, Asian 7%, aboriginal and other 1%.

arrow Religions Anglican 26.1%, Roman Catholic 26%, other Christian 24.3%, non-Christian 11%, other 12.6%.

arrow Population 19,546,792 (July 2002 est.).

arrow Land Area 7,617,930 sq km (2,941,285 sq miles).


Australia became a commonwealth of the British Empire in 1901. It was able to take advantage of its natural resources to rapidly develop its agricultural and manufacturing industries and to make a major contribution to the British effort in World Wars I and II. Long-term concerns include pollution, particularly depletion of the ozone layer, and management and conservation of coastal areas, especially the Great Barrier Reef. A referendum to change Australia's status, from a commonwealth headed by the British monarch to an independent republic, was defeated in 1999.

UNAIDS Epidemiological
Fact Sheets

[English] [French]

Global Surveillance of HIV/AIDS and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) is a joint effort of WHO and UNAIDS. The UNAIDS/WHO Working Group on Global HIV/AIDS and STI Surveillance, initiated in November 1996, guides respective activities. The primary objective of the working group is to strengthen national, regional and global structures and networks for improved monitoring and surveillance of HIV/AIDS and STIs. For this purpose, the working group collaborates closely with national AIDS programmes and a number of national and international experts and institutions. The goal of this collaboration is to compile the best information available and to improve the quality of data needed for informed decision-making and planning at national, regional and global levels. The Epidemiological Fact Sheets are one of the products of this close and fruitful collaboration across the globe.

Web sites

U.S. Government Agencies

World Fact Book
The Factbook was created as an annual summary and update to the encyclopedic NIS studies. The first classified Factbook was published in August 1962, and the first unclassified version was published in June 1971. The 1975 Factbook was the first to be made available to the public with sales through the US Government Printing Office (GPO).

Non-Governmental Organizations

Australian Federation of AIDS organizations (AFAO)
AFAO is the peak non-government organisation representing Australia's community-based response to HIV/AIDS. AFAO provides leadership, information, advocacy, and policy. AFAO also has a commitment to participating in the Asia-Pacific response to HIV. On this website you will find information about a full range of HIV/AIDS issues, including HIV treatments and current issues in HIV policy.

AIDS Trust of Australia
The AIDS Trust of Australia is the only national body raising and dispersing funds for HIV/AIDS research, education, care and support provided by community based organisations. The Trust does not receive nor seek government funding, preferring to rely on corporations, quality events and the generosity of individuals for its income.

Australian National Council on AIDS, Hepatitis C and Related Diseases (ANCAHRD)
ANCAHRD was established on 8 November 1999 and dissolved in September 2003.
A free, not-for-profit online database of HIV/AIDS policies and policy analyses for the Asia Pacific region. The database comprises a regularly updated compendium of government, NGO and IGO policy-related documents, full text of many previously unavailable documents and comprehensive search tools.

The National Association of People Living with HIV/AIDS (NAPWA)
The National Association of People Living with HIV/AIDS (NAPWA) is Australia's peak non government advocacy organisation representing PLWHA community based groups from each of Australia's states and territories.

Australian Capital Territory

AIDS Action Council of the ACT
The AIDS Action Council of the ACT is a community based organisation which provides information, referral and support for people affected by the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV).

People Living With HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) ACT
People Living With HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) ACT is part of a world wide movement to empower and support people living with HIV/AIDS and their partners, friends and families to live full, creative and meaningful lives free from fear, ignorance and prejudice.

New South Wales

AIDS Council of NSW
ACON is a non-government organisation based in the gay & lesbian communities and providing services to members of those communities including Indigenous people, transgender people and injecting drug users, to all people living with HIV/AIDS and to sex workers. Services include information, HIV support, referral, housing and legal advice, and a women's project.

AIDS Dementia & HIV Psychiatry Service (Adahps)
ADAHPS is a state-wide service that assists in the care and management of people with HIV and complex needs. Typically, clients may have a diagnosis of AIDS Dementia or a psychiatric illness complicating their HIV infection.

Albion Street Centre
The Albion Street Centre, a facility of South East Health deals exclusively with HIV/AIDS and Hepatitis C clinical management, counselling, research, prevention and education. The Centre provides free HIV testing, services for people with HIV and has an extensive library.

People Living With HIV/AIDS(PLWH/A NSW)
PLWH/A(NSW)Inc. is a non profit community organisation representing the interests of people living with HIV/AIDS in New South Wales. Incorporated on 21st July 1989 it is partially funded by the government and is dependent on donations.

Northern Territory

Northern Territory AIDS and Hepatitis Council
The primary aims of the Northern Territory AIDS Council (NTAC) are to: • prevent the transmission of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV); • prevent the transmission of Hepatitis C and other blood borne viruses; • prevent the transmission of Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI's) and • minimise the physical and social impact of HIV/AIDS and Hepatitis C


Queensland AIDS Council
The Queensland AIDS Council (QuAC) is a community-based organisation responsible for providing education, advocacy and support for those affected by HIV/AIDS in Queensland.

Queensland Positive People
Queensland Positive People (QPP) represents the interests of people living with HIV/AIDS (called PLWHA) in Queensland and is part of a national and international network. We help each other to take charge of our lives, care and destinies. Also involved are our partners, family, and friends who can join and support QPP as well. Our vision statement is "All people living with HIV/AIDS living a full life".

South Australia

AIDS Council of South Australia
The AIDS Council of South Australia (ACSA) aims to improve the health and wellbeing of gay and other homosexually active men, people who inject drugs, sex workers and people living with HIV/AIDS in order to contribute to the overall wellbeing of the community. Our key clients are those at risk, affected by, or living with HIV/AIDS.

People Living WIth HIV/AIDS (PLWHA SA)
PLWHA (SA) is an independent Incorporated Association run by and for HIV positive people. Most funding comes from the State Department of Human Services.


Tasmanian Council on AIDS, Hepatitis and Related Diseases
The Tasmanian Council on AIDS, Hepatitis and Related Diseases (TasCAHRD) is a community based organisation which aims to reduce the risk and incidence of HIV/AIDS, Hepatitis and Related Diseases transmission and to support those affected by HIV/AIDS and Hepatitis and Related Diseases. TasCAHRD is Tasmania's primary non-government HIV/AIDS and Hepatitis body and was formed in 1985 by Tasmanian's to respond locally to the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Australia.


Positive Women Victoria
Welcome to the Positive Women Web Site. We are a small but active group run by women with HIV/AIDS in Australia.

Western Australia

Western Australia AIDS Council
The Western Australia AIDS Council, established in 1985, leads the Western Australian community in the provision of a wide range of services in the prevention of HIV, and the treatment and care of people living with HIV/AIDS.


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